The German-Bohemian painter, Anton Raphael Mengs, is acclaimed as the most important painter in Dresden, Rome, and Madrid in the third quarter of the eighteenth century.
A child prodigy in his day, Mengs was born in Aussig, Bohemia, on March 22, 1728.
Kiki Smith is revered as one of the most important voices of contemporary Feminist art.
Best-known for her figural representation of morality, abjection, and sexuality, Smith was born on January 18, 1954, in Nuremberg, Germany.
Johann Alois Senefelder is celebrated for inventing the printing technique of lithography in the last decade of 18th century.
Born Aloys Johann Nepomuk Franz Senefelder in Prague on November 6, 1771, Senefelder invented the most dominant form of print media production.
Adolf von Hildebrand, is celebrated as one of the first sculptors of the 19th century to insist upon the aesthetic autonomy of sculpture from painting, a doctrine he most effectively promulgated in his famous 1893 essay, “Das Problem der Form”, which helped establish the theoretical foundation for modern sculpture.
Jean Arp, also called Hans Arp, is acclaimed as one of the leaders of the European avant-garde in arts during the first half of the 20th century.
Best-known for his biomorphic sculptures, the artist was born Hans Peter Wilhelm Arp, in Strasbourg, on September 16, 1886, when the city was under German Empire.